Books
  • Xu Xin: The Jews of Kaifeng China: History, Culture, and Religion
    Jersey City: Ktav Publishing House, 2003
  • Xu Xin: Legends of the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng
    Jersey City: Ktav Publishing House, 1995
  • M. Patricia Needle, ed: East gate of Kaifeng: a Jewish world inside China
    China Center, Univ. of Minnesota, 1992
  • Beth Hatefutsoth: The Jews of Kaifeng: Chinese Jews on the Banks of the Yellow River
    Tel Aviv: the Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora
  • William White: Chinese Jews A Compilation of Matters Relating to the Jews of K'ai-feng Fu
    2nd Edition. University of Toronto Press, 1966
  • Sidney Shapiro: Jews in Old China Studies by Chinese Scholars
    New York, Hippocrene Books, 2001

Articles
    2nd, revised edition. Bridwell Library, Southern Methodist University. 1997

Reports

Web Resources

Misc.
Jews of Kaifeng Resource Page
Jews of Persian origin settled in Kaifeng.
The Kaifeng Jews constructed a synagogue
The synagogue was rebuilt. The first stone
monument erected by the community
provides a history of the Kaifeng Jewry.
The synagogue was repaired. The 1512
stone monument erected.
Ai Tien, a Kaifeng Jew,  met Fr. Matteo Ricci
in Peking. The outside world knew about the
Kaifeng Jewry for the first time.
A Yellow River flood destroyed Kaifeng. The
synagogue was destroyed, but about 200
Jewish families survived.
Rebuilding of the synagogue commenced.
Dedication of the eighth rebuilding of the
synagogue. 1663 stone monument erected.
Tenth and final rebuilding of the synagogue.
Foreign missionaries were expelled from
China. The Kaifeng Jews were once again
cuff off contacts with the outside world.
A major Yellow River flood struck Kaifeng.
The last Rabbi died.
Eight Hebrew manuscripts were sold.
Six Torah scrolls and many other Hebrew
manuscripts were sold, the Bridwell Scroll
among them.
The Taiping rebellion. Many Jews fled
Kaifeng.
Another Yellow River flood struck Kaifeng.
Synagogue dismantled.
Last attempt to re-build the synagogue
The synagogue site was sold.
960-1126
1163
1489


1512

1605


1642


1653
1663

1688
1723


1810
1841
1850
1851


1850-64

1860

1900
1914
Chronology of the
Kaifeng Jewish community